How Much Do You Know About Building Automation Systems (BAS)?


101 Absolutely Brilliant Facts About Building Automation Systems in 2021

Did you know that building automation systems are basically 1/2 of a building’s brain? Without the BAS buildings wouldn’t collapse of course, but they wouldn’t be habitable or safe either!  We know finding facts and figures about building automation systems can be time-consuming and frustrating, so we put together this list of the top 101 facts, notes, and statistics so you can easily reference them and refer back to them any time in the future.  This space is constantly changing, so if you see a fact that is not up-to-date, feel free to let us know. And if you know a stat that we should add, let us know that too!

1. Building automation systems are like one half of a building’s brain. 

*They are the part that tells equipment around the building what to do, the same way that your brain tells your fingers what to do. 


2. The other half of the brain, the part that handles incoming sensory information, is analogous to an energy management system.


3. A building automation system operates the controls of a building from a central hub, though many modern systems can be remotely controlled through a digital platform or app.

*The software at the heart of this type of system operates using a logic algorithm to manage controls according to direct inputs and preset conditions, giving rise to the term “smart building.”


4. A building automation system, or BAS as it is commonly abbreviated, networks and controls almost every major element of a space.


5. Some modern building automation systems use machine learning to predict when a room or unit will be out of use and adjust HVAC use accordingly.

*In large buildings, a BAS can be configured to stagger its daily powering-on program in order to reduce peak load, and as a consequence, energy bills.


6. It’s pretty common for a BAS to be used in conjunction with some form of smart metering or energy management software, but they are not the same.

*By itself, a BAS provides building management staff with the tools to control a building, but no information about what is going on in that building.

7. A modern BAS equipped with appropriate meters and sensors conveys benefits in three main categories: comfort, financial, and environmental.



8. In terms of tenant comfort, the most obvious benefit from a BAS is temperature regulation.

*By automating HVAC systems, a BAS can help to avoid frigid and sweltering mornings in the winter and summer, respectively, by powering up temperature control systems before anyone arrives and turning them down after everyone leaves.


9. Building Automation Systems are also sometimes used to regulate the amount of fresh air that is allowed into a building or to maximize the ratio of natural-to-electric light.



10. A correctly used BAS will generally pay for itself over time in lower utility bills alone.

*According to one estimate, simply monitoring occupancy and allowing the BAS to adjust HVAC use accordingly results in savings between 10 and 30 percent. Reductions in peak load and other energy use benefits serve to further decrease utility costs.


11. Buildings operating a BAS tend to have significantly smaller carbon footprints.

*A building that also includes smart metering for use with its BAS can also use that data to validate its energy usage for regulatory agencies. This opens the door to certifications like ENERGY STAR, Tenant Star, or LEED. 


12. Published by Statistics MRC, reports that Building Automation and Control Systems accounted for $46.37 billion in 2015.

*It is expected to reach $98.6 billion by 2022, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11.3 percent during that time period.


13. ReportsnReports predicted that the Building Automation System Market will reach $100.6 billion by 2022, representing a 10.65 percent CAGR from 2016 to 2022.



14. A report focusing on building automation software for the smart building market specifically, anticipates that this market will grow from $5.73 billion in 2016 to $24.73 billion by 2021, representing a CAGR of 34 percent.



15. From the beginning of the building automation control concept back in the 1970s and ’80s, it was recognized a common standard was needed for communications among building systems/components and central monitoring control systems.

*Otherwise, each manufacturer would have its own proprietary communications protocol, making interoperability difficult or impossible.


16. BACnet is a standard electronic communications protocol for the components of an integrated Building Management System. 

*BACnet represented a great leap forward for building automation. Over the years numerous general and custom applications have been developed to simplify building management for facilities teams and building engineers.


17. The global building automation system market was valued at USD 44,067 million in 2017, and is expected to reach a value of USD 82,517.4 million by 2023, recording a CAGR of 11% over the forecast period.

*The scope of this study has been restricted to hardware and software components used in building automation systems. The service segment has not been considered as part of the study scope.


18. The average net energy savings per installation (of these systems) is about 36% for space heating, water heating, and cooling/ventilation (HVAC), and 23% for lighting (as of 2016). 



19. By utilizing the Building Automation System, Europe’s emission from fuel combustion is likely to witness a reduction of 9-14% by 2035(according to a report by European Union). 



20. Globally, it was  estimated that commercial building owners and managers are expected to invest USD 960 billion between 2016 and 2023 on making their existing infrastructure more eco-friendly. 



21. Flexible Germany has been a leader on the technological front in Europe, owing to government regulations, which are encouraging the adoption of smart services. 



22. The introduction of Energy Performance Certificates (EPC) for buildings in 2014 had significantly favoured the market for building automation systems in Germany.



23. Renovation toward energy-efficient buildings is expected to increase, as Germany will need to achieve 1.5% additional savings as per the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED).



24. The Building Automation Systems Market was valued at USD 60.31 billion in 2020 and expected to reach USD 112.93 billion by 2026 and grow at a CAGR of 11.02% over the forecast period (2021-2026). 



25. Building automation systems, otherwise known as building automation and control systems (BACS), are automated systems that integrate and connect different facility technologies, including HVAC, lighting, surveillance, and security, among others, through information flow to a monitoring point.

26. Energy consumption is expected to increase over the coming year.

*According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), global energy consumption is expected to grow by nearly 50% during 2018-2050, with Asia being the major consumer of energy over the years.


27. The market for BAS is anticipated to witness higher adoption among commercial buildings than the residential buildings.

*The increased adoption of smart building technologies due to the increased need to cut extra expenses in the commercial buildings sector is anticipated to be a significant driver.


28. The increasing market for smart building across developed and developing economies is anticipated to aid BAS’s demand.

*According to Johnson Controls’ 2018 Energy Efficiency Indicator survey, companies in the US are planning to increase investments in smart building measures, including building controls and building systems integration, at a higher rate than more traditional energy efficiency measures.


29. Canada’s Building Strategy, adopted in 2017, focuses on efficiency and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, emphasizing net-zero energy buildings.



30. Governments across regions have been actively involved in setting the limits for energy consumption.

*For instance, the Canadian government is emphasizing energy conservation through smart buildings by using offices and homes. During the same period, the Government of India also developed ‘The Energy Conservation Building Code’ (ECBC), which sets minimum energy performance standards for buildings and includes the building envelope, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. Hence, the growing adoption of connected systems could help such regions to save energy.


31. In Europe, a Smart Readiness Indicator was adopted as part of the 2018 revision of the European Energy Performance of Buildings Directive to promote smart building technologies. 

*The Clean Energy for All European initiative includes a program with the European Investment Bank to offer to finance for smart buildings.


32. The United Kingdom also has kept significant efforts in smart building solutions, essentially to decrease the carbon footprint from the building sector and reduce its energy consumption.



33. With the Internet of Things (IoT), building automation is expected to continue expanding into areas of the built environment with end-to-end connectivity. 



34. In terms of building automation, according to Infineon Technologies, in 2018, there were over 230 million connected devices installed in the building, worldwide, and this figure is expected to reach 440 million by 2020, mainly because of a primary focus on making a living more convenient and counteract climate change by increasing energy efficiency.



35. The Edge, a commercial office building in the Netherlands, boasts a smart LED lighting system with over 30,000 sensors connected to the building management system through the IoT. 

*The Edge uses about 70% less electricity than an average commercial office building.


36. The Mirage in Las Vegas utilizes smart building technology to lower its energy costs through load-shedding.



37. North America holds the most significant share of the global market of Building Automation System due to the high number of early adopters in the United States and Canada.

*Over the forecast period, the region is expected to dominate the global market, owing to its developed infrastructure that can accommodate building automation solutions in the residential and commercial segments.


38. The governments in the region are shifting toward adopting such smart solutions due to the energy-saving benefits offered by such systems. 

*The US Green Building Council runs the ‘LEED’ program in collaboration with the Bank of America Charitable Foundation, providing support to the local governments that are looking for adopting sustainable solutions.


39. The building automation systems market in the United States has been witnessing significant growth, like residential, commercial, and industrial consumers are adopting tremendous energy-saving solutions to deploy building automation controls.



40. Various federal policy directives regarding rising energy costs, stringent regulations concerning greenhouse gas emissions, and increasing awareness about automation’s benefits are significant factors driving the United States’ market.

41. The presence of major building automation systems companies, like Siemens, coupled with the evolution of new concepts and major technological contributions, fuels the demand for building automation solutions in this region.


42. The commercial sector accounts for nearly 20% of the United States’ energy consumption and 12% greenhouse gas emissions in the country, according to the US Energy Information Administration. 

*By reducing waste and conserving energy, smart buildings (equipped with building controls systems) create benefits at large.


43. The advent of artificial intelligence has propelled the companies in the region to adopt AI to strengthen their video surveillance systems.

*This enables their products to offer increased security and safety. Hence, this is expected to boost market growth over the forecast period.


44. In Nov 2019 – Johnson Controls acquired Building and Energy Management System’s (BEMS) product line of the Malaysia-based EasyIO.

*This factor creates significant growth opportunities, as the company is expected to leverage EasyIO’s products and team in the Americas, European, Middle Eastern, and Asia-Pacific building automation systems markets, as well as the global HVAC, safety, and refrigeration markets.


45. In March 2019 – Mitsubishi Electric U.S. Inc. launched BEAM AX energy management system, a cloud-based solution for analyzing energy usage and costs in commercial buildings.

*The energy management system provides the tools to analyze energy use, track performance, forecast peak demand, detect usage abnormalities, with lower costs and monitor solar production performance and benefits.


46. Asia Pacific is growing at the highest CAGR over 2021- 2026 in Building Automation System.

*Asia Pacific is predicted to hold the most significant CAGR in the forecast period due to rapid growth of the construction industry in developing countries such as India and China. Also, increasing government initiatives toward energy conservation has helped market growth in the Asia Pacific region.


47. Honeywell International Inc., ABB Ltd., Siemens AG, Schneider Electric SE, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation are the major companies operating in the Building Automation Systems Market.



48. In June 2020, Honeywell partnered with SAP SE to improve the performance of buildings in terms of energy efficiency by integrating cloud-based business and operational technology data. 

*This data provides corporate companies, real estate owners, and building operators with aggregate financial and operational intelligence for their portfolios.


49. In August 2020, Siemens launched Desigo PXC4 for HVAC plants and Desigo PXC5 for the function and integration of HVAC systems.

These new generation Desigo building automation controllers help automate small and medium-sized buildings to get the most flexible and scalable building automation.


50. In August 2020, Johnson Controls acquired the remaining stake in Qolsys Inc., a leading residential and building automation solution and smart home developer.

*This acquisition is expected to enhance the long-term growth opportunities for broad cloud-enabled IoT fire safety solutions of the company.


51. Building automation systems help in automating the security of a building using video surveillance and biometric systems. 

A video surveillance system monitors and records the behavior and activities of people. Surveillance systems are deployed at airports, schools, office buildings, and so on.


52. Building automation systems help in saving energy and reducing operating and maintenance costs.

*However, end users and building owners hesitate to implement building automation systems due to their false perception that the installation costs of these systems are high. 


53. The power of building automation systems lies in synchronization and communication among various equipment used in the overall system.

*Communication protocols play a vital role in ensuring the proper integration of various devices and equipment for the smooth functioning of BAS. However, the lack of common open communication protocols may lead to the use of different protocols by these devices.


54. Security and access controls to lead the building automation system market during the forecast period.

*Security and access control systems have become an integral part of the safety and security systems of buildings and their occupants. They have revolutionized building security and eliminated human intervention.


55. Building energy management software market is expected to be the fastest-growing building automation system offering segment during the forecast period.

*The increased prices of energy and the formulation of stringent energy-efficiency policies have made it crucial to check the energy consumption levels in buildings.


56. Industrial application is expected to be the fastest-growing application for the building automation system market during the forecast period.

*Industrial facilities include factories, production plants, distribution facilities, warehouses, and other infrastructures that support manufacturing and production operations. They are expected to adopt smart building solutions to achieve energy and cost savings, enhance their productivity, improve their identity and access management, and optimize their surveillance activities. 


57. The global market of building automation systems is anticipated to reach from US$75 billion in 2019 to US$140.3 billion by 2025, growing at a CAGR of 11 percent.


58. Automation is the most essential technology in smart building systems.

*Different systems in buildings have been their own siloed closed blocks, with their own interfaces and zero communication with external systems.


59. Wireless functionality in smart buildings makes installation and modifications easier and remote operation more possible. 

*As it provides flexibility and ease of installation, connecting automation to the cloud is easy and effective. This surely augments the demand for wireless technologies increasing competition that keeps the R&D departments busy.


60. Building automation and control functions must be based on their impact on a building’s efficiency.

*It promotes higher energy efficiency in buildings, saves building operating costs, existing energy resources and reduces CO2 emissions. 

61. Smart Building technology will always play a crucial role in the retrofit market, particularly with older buildings that have an obsolete BAS or small/medium-sized buildings that don’t feature a BAS.

*The use of IoT enables virtual BAS technology that can manage HVAC and lighting systems using cloud-based controls. These controls can apply schedules for weekends and holidays, while also implementing complex control routines based on IoT sensors in heating/cooling zones. 


62. The core component of the smart building solutions is the smart application installed directly on the network switches in the rooms that communicate between sensors, actuators, and users. 



63. The General Services Administration, which manages more than 8,000 federal buildings across the country, has established a smart building program to improve energy efficiency and save money in both existing and new buildings.



64. While smart building automation systems have been around since the 1970s, past iterations required manual inputs or were geared to work on obsolete hardware.



65. Sensors are among the core technology drivers behind building automation.

*These will typically monitor such systems as HVAC and lighting, electrical controls, access control and video security.


66. The four key technologies of smart building automation systems are HVAC, Smart Lighting, Automated System Optimization, and Distributed Energy Resources.



67. HVAC: Smart HVAC controls help limit energy consumption in unoccupied building zones, detect and diagnose faults, and reduce HVAC usage, particularly during times of peak energy demand.



68. Smart lighting: Smart lighting includes advanced controls that incorporate daylighting and advanced occupancy and dimming functions to eliminate over-lit spaces.



69. Automated system optimization (ASO): ASO uses advanced technology to collect and analyze building systems’ operational and energy performance data and to make changes in operations based on external factors such as occupancy patterns, weather forecasts, and utility rates.



70. Distributed energy resources (DER): These are energy generation and storage systems placed at or near the point of use, independent of the power grid. Examples include combined heat and power, solar photovoltaics and other renewables, and battery and thermal storage.



71. Smart buildings rely on internet-connected advanced utility meters to measure utility use (such as electrical power, natural gas or water use) in real time.



72. Energy management systems bring together a number of key technologies with the goal of driving energy conservation and providing cost savings. 

*Energy management systems in smart buildings are those systems that drive energy conservation and help deliver the dual benefits of supporting the environment and providing cost savings.


73. Building energy management software market is expected to be the fastest-growing building automation system offering segment during the forecast period.

*The increased prices of energy and the formulation of stringent energy-efficiency policies have made it crucial to check the energy consumption levels in buildings.


74. Industrial application is expected to be the fastest-growing application for the building automation system market during the forecast period.

*The highest CAGR of video surveillance services are due to a rise in the adoption of Video Surveillance-as-a-Service (VSaaS). The growth in this market is driven by the increasing importance of VSaaS in various application areas due to benefits such as remote access and management.


75. North America to account for the large size of the building automation system market in 2020.

*It is also a leading market for building automation systems. The region accounted for a major share of the building automation system market in 2020. The rising requirement of energy management and the increasing demand for green homes have resulted in the growth of the building automation system market in North America. 


76. According to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), buildings such as residential, government, commercial, and others utilize around 40% of energy generated worldwide, while commercial and residential buildings utilize around 60% of the global electricity and uncontrolled building operations resulting unnecessary energy wastage of between 10% and 25%.

*In such cases, BAS help in reducing these numbers, which in turn, is expected to support the market growth. 


77. According to the U.S. Department of Energy report, Building Automation Systems (BAS) can aid in annual energy savings ranging between 2% and 26%, with a median saving of 15%.

*In terms of cost, BAS solutions can aid with a median saving of US$ 0.12 /sq. ft. annually.


78. Increasing security threat and growing demand for integrated security solutions are expected to propel the global building automation systems market growth over the forecast period.

*Increasing security concerns and rising demand for integrated security and monitoring solutions are expected to boost the global building automation systems market growth over the forecast period. Among all the segments, security & access controls holds the majority revenue share in the global building automation market. These solutions are safety-critical (e.g. fire or social alarm systems) and security-critical (e.g. intrusion alarm or access control systems) services.


79. High initial cost and complications involved in implementation is expected to restrain growth of the global building automation systems market over the forecast period.

*Initial investment required for installation of building automation systems combined with a long cost recovery periods are major factors hampering adoption of BAS solutions.


80. Lack of skilled labors is expected to hinder the global automation system market growth during the forecast period.

*Installation, monitoring, and management of building automation systems requires skilled professionals, which are very rare to find. Moreover, there are uncertainties regarding long-term returns from the system among users, which in turn, is expected to meet the demand for BAS.


81. Increasing adoption of building automation system hotels is expected to present significant growth opportunities.

*Hospitality sector has witnessed increasing adoption of building automation systems, especially those establishments that are seeking to differentiate themselves from competitors and focusing on building higher international, best-of-class hotels. 


82. Suitable government initiatives and incentives are expected to provide lucrative business opportunities.

*Governments of various countries are offering lucrative incentives to industries for adopting business automation systems. Since the business automation system saves cost and reduces energy consumption, the government is encouraging various industries to adopt these systems.


83. Technological advancements in the HVAC segment expected to introduce advanced energy saving solutions for building automation systems.

*According to the U.S. The Department of Energy, HVAC consumes 35% of the total building energy, which is why companies providing energy consumption solutions need to focus on HVAC segments offering products including ACs, heat pumps, chilled water systems, heat pumps, building pressure systems etc.


84. The Building Automation System Market was valued at USD 68.82 Billion in 2018 and is projected to reach USD 154.25 Billion by 2026, growing at a CAGR of 10.56% from 2019 to 2026.



85. The growing popularity of the Internet of Things, rising initiatives by government and private establishments, growing security concerns have been driving the global building automation system market.



86. Global Building Automation System Market is segmented based on Technology, Systems, Applications, And Geography.



87. North America and Europe are set to account for three-fifths of the revenue shares in the industry by the end of 2029.

*South Asia also holds the potential for growth as builders contend with an increase in frequent power outages and erratic power supply.


88. Market players are introducing “easy-to-use” system developments and are attracting property owners with a variety of opportunities like wireless building automation systems.

*This phenomenon has improved operational activities such as remote operations, adding more market value to these systems.


89. Companies offering building automation systems are focusing on smarter R&D investments, with an aim of coming up with the most effective, flexible, and fully-programmable wireless solution.

*However, the acceptance of wireless building automation systems among the property owners will be largely influenced by the marketing strategies devised by these companies, as effective marketing bridges the gap between customer needs and product capabilities.


90. 20 percent of smart buildings worldwide will have experienced some form of digital vandalism by 2018. 



91. The big four building automation OEMs, namely Honeywell, Schneider Electric, Johnson Controls and Siemens, have more than 60-percent market share in the commercial building automation market, making it difficult for new entrants to enter the market.



92. The Asian market is still driven predominantly by sales of equipment to support new construction projects for buildings over 200,000 square feet in size.

*While retrofit projects to install equipment in preexisting buildings are becoming more common throughout Asia, over 75 percent of the market in China and over 80 percent of the market in India is accommodating new construction projects.


93. Of the 74 billion square feet of the global office building stock, 36 billion square feet will be in Asia, with China accounting for 69 percent.



94. Security and access control systems accounted for the largest share of the building automation systems market is likely to continue in the forthcoming years.

*The demand for home security solutions is growing at a rapid pace due to several aspects, like technological advancements, the rise in crime rates. Along with these, the increased need for medical assistance to senior citizens at home and monitoring the children at home is also driving the market.


95. According to TechSci Research, the Indian building automation & control systems market is anticipated to grow threefold in revenue terms by 2019, exhibiting CAGR of around 21.7% during 2014-19.



96. Ever-growing energy consumption in global economies to pave strong growth prospects for stakeholders involved in the building automation system market.



97. The commercial construction establishment is foreseen to remain a prominent application area to target market players involved in the building automation system.



98. The building automation system market is expected to grow at a CAGR of ~8% during the forecast period of 2019-2029.



99. Building automation systems have been receiving great attention due to their potential for reducing energy consumption and facilitating building operations, monitoring, and maintenance while improving occupants’ satisfaction. 

*Therefore, the aforementioned parameters fit perfectly to commercial buildings, suggesting substantial growth opportunities for the building automation system for the commercial segment.


100. The crucial feature in any building automation system is the security video surveillance system.

*Video surveillance is a superior security device that monitors individuals walking in and out of the building. The surveillance systems are essential in educational institutes, airports, residential buildings and offices. Many governments imply stringent rules to install surveillance systems for security. Public infrastructures must have a security surveillance system.


101. The building automation system installation is the main-restraint of the market. 

*The installation cost fluctuates depending on the complexity and work. It is a significant issue for small and medium-sized enterprises. However, the installation cost of the building automation system is not as expensive as many think. There is a lack of awareness about the cost incurred to deploy a building automation system. The installation rates of the automation systems are not transparent, which makes it a significant market restraint.

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